About Unani System
Unani-tibb or Unani Medicine also spelled Yunani Medicineis a form of traditional medicine.

It refers to a tradition of Graeco-Arabic medicine, which is based on the teachings of Greek Physician Hippocrates, and Roman physician Galen, and developed into an elaborate medical System by Arab and Persian physicians, such as Rhazes (al-Razi), Avicenna (IbnSena), Al-Zahrawi, and IbnNafis.

Unani medicine is based on the concept of the four humours:- Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (Ṣafrā') and Black bile (Saudā').

Fortunately, Unani classical literature consists of thousands of books and contains vast knowledge and mention of experiences on all aspects of medicine. According to Unani medicine, management of any disease depends upon the diagnosis of disease. In the diagnosis, clinical features, i.e., signs, symptoms, laboratory features and mizaj (temperament) are important.

Any cause and or factor is countered by Quwwat-e-Mudabbira-e-Badan (the power of body responsible to maintain health), the failing of which may lead to quantitatively or qualitatively derangement of the normal equilibrium of akhlat (humors) of body which constitute the tissues and organs. This abnormal humor leads to pathological changes in the tissues anatomically and physiologically at the affected site and exhibits the clinical manifestations.

Unani Medicine is based on the Humoral Theory.


The Humeral theory Presupposes the presence of humors in the body.

Regimental DAM - (Blood)

BELGHAM - (Phelgm)

SAFRA - (Yellow Bile)

SAUDA- (Black Bile)


The Unani system of Medicine is its emphasis on diagnosing a disease through pulse (Nubz), a rhythmic expansion of arteries, which is felt by fingers. Other methods of diagnosis include examination of urine (Baul), stool (Baraz).

Prevention of Disease

Unani system of Medicine recognizes the influence of surroundings and ecological conditions on the state of health of human beings. This system at restoring the equilibrium of various elements and faculties of the human body. It has laid down six essential pre-requisites for the prevention of diseases and places great emphasis, on the one hand, on the maintenance of proper ecological balance and, on the other, on keeping water, food and air free from pollution.

These essentials, known as Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya, are:-

Air Food and Drinks Bodily Movements and Repose Sleep and wakefulness Excretion and Retention.
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